Preparing Garden Soil: All You Need to Know: Garden soil is the basis for a wonderful collection of various plants. That is why thorough preparation is very important. If you are building a new garden, you have to provide the right conditions right at the beginning. All it starts from preparing the soil. If soil preparation is not good, then you can’t expect healthy plants. That is why preparing garden soil is so much important. Now a lot of questions can come to your mind before preparing the soil. Like, how much water per gallon of soil? or how to prepare garden soil? Fortunately, you have no reason to worry about it. With us, you will get the best preparation tips for your garden soil.
Read more about How to measure soil moisture?
- The right quality of garden soil
- The analysis as a preparation for success
- Why not prepare the soil in the fall?
- How much water should you use per gallon of soil?
- Green manuring after the harvest to improve the soil
- Prepare the soil in the spring is inevitable
- What do the organisms do in the soil?
- Final Thoughts: How Much Water Per Gallon of Soil?
- What are the main types of soil?
- What is the best soil type for gardening and why?
- How do you measure soil moisture content?
The right quality of garden soil
To ensure a reasonable quality of the garden soil, you first need to do a little analysis. To do this, take a small sample from different areas and mix them together in a bucket. In conclusion, it is relatively easy to see where possible problems lie. If the soil reacts repulsively to water, it is probably sandy soil. The advantages are that it is relatively easy to warm. Unfortunately, however, there are hardly any nutrients in it.
The analysis as a preparation for success
Analyzing Garden soil is very much important. The formation of lumps is a clear sign of clay soil. In this case, the soil provides a high level of nutrients. The water absorption is also very good. At the same time, however, problems arise during cultivation. Due to its high density, it is troublesome to dig a hole.
The best of all options is humus. In this case, your soil is loose, but without sandy manifestations. Often this can be determined when a pleasant smell appears. Due to the high quality of the soil, you can immediately start planting. Unfortunately, the chances of encountering such garden soil are relatively small. Also, part of thorough preparation is the nutrient analysis. The pH value provides information about how much lime is in the garden soil. Values of seven are considered ideal for providing plants with a good foundation.
Note: To prepare the garden for the new season, loosen the soil with a cultivator or digging fork and fertilize it. Digging over is taboo.
After the winter break, gardens get busy again in March. A new gardening season has begun. Now the soil is comprehensively prepared for sowing. This means that the soil is loosened and organic fertilizer is applied. In this way, the garden soil is well aerated on the one hand, and on the other, the soil organisms are activated with compost or natural manure. Until sowing time, the microorganisms then release vital nutrients for the plants from the natural fertilizer.
Why not prepare the soil in the fall?
What is the right time to start preparing garden soil? Some gardeners are still of the opinion that the soil should be prepared in late autumn for the gardening season in the coming year. In doing so, it is not uncommon to set the spade deep and sweep the lower layers of topsoil to the top. However, this significantly disrupts the life of soil organisms.
Deviating from this, however, clayey soil may well be dug up already at the end of the season. Work compost or deposit animal manure into the heavy soil to loosen it.
How much water should you use per gallon of soil?
When you ask how much water per gallon of soil you have to use, to be honest, it depends. It depends on some factors like:
- The hardiness of your soil
- Type of plant you want to cultivate.
- Region you live
- Quality of your soil.
- Rain probability etc.
However, if we assume every factor above is in the normal range, you should use 5 to 10 percent water per gallon of soil depending on the type of plants as follows:
- For Succulents, you should use in every 10-15 days.
- For Aloe Plant, you should use it every 10-15 days.
- For Peace Lily, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Snake Plant, you should use it every 10-15 days.
- For Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Peperomia, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Spider Plant, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Calathea, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Parlor Palm Tree, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Citrus Tree, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Ficus Tree, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Philodendron, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Phalaenopsis Orchid, you should use it every 5-10 days.
- For Rubber Plant, you should use it every 5-10 days
Note: Here, 5 to 10 percent means, if you use 100 gallons of soil, you have to use five to ten gallons of water.
Green manuring after the harvest to improve the soil
In the previous year of the following gardening season, you can do your compact soil in the bed some good with a green manure application. The time immediately after harvest in summer is best for this.
Lamb’s lettuce, Persian or Alexandrian clover and lupine improve the soil and protect it from silting. With nodule bacteria in their roots, clover, beans, and lupins, for example, additionally, enrich the soil with nitrogen from the air. Before growing vegetables in the spring, just loosen the garden soil with a digging fork or cultivator.
Prepare the soil in the spring is inevitable
Nothing is more important for the yield of vegetables from the kitchen garden than optimal soil preparation in spring. The soil is merely loosened with a digging fork or a cultivator. In this way, the habitat of microorganisms and small organisms in soil is preserved.
What do the organisms do in the soil?
The microorganisms release the nutrients for the plants from the humus and organic fertilizers. These are mainly vital minerals, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, and others. Earthworms also mix and aerate the soil. With their vertical tunnels, they facilitate the penetration of water into deeper soil layers, and plant roots can also grow more quickly into the depths.
Final Thoughts: How Much Water Per Gallon of Soil?
Before you know, how much water per gallon of soil, overwatering sometimes can be turned against your garden. So, you have to be careful. The dissolved nutrients in the inorganic fertilizer or also called artificial fertilizer are absorbed by the plants in large quantities. This forces the growth of the plants very strongly. They quickly become susceptible to disease and pests.
Not only that, soil life is weakened and excess nutrients are washed into the groundwater, significantly polluting nature. Compost or organic fertilizers (pelleted manure) are slowly broken down by soil organisms. Thus, the nutrients are not available abruptly and the plants are naturally supplied gently.
Tips: Heavy digging before the gardening season damages soil life. Therefore, loosen the soil gently and fertilize your growing areas gently with an organic fertilizer.
Learn more about How to increase nitrogen in soil?
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the main types of soil?
There are a lot of different types of soil, but these four are the most known – Sand. Silt, Clay, and Loam.
What is the best soil type for gardening and why?
Among the main soil types best one regarding plants is Sandy Loam. It works even better when you compost the soil, especially for gardening.
How do you measure soil moisture content?
Weight the wet soil sample then dry it in an oven. After that, weigh the dry soil too. Then use a simple method of subtracting the dry soil from the wet soil, and dividing them by the dry soil mass.